Bologna Process in the History of Education
The given article contains information about Bologna process and its impact on education.
Influence of Bologna Process on Education
Bologna process is a process of convergence and harmonization of educational systems of the European countries with the aim of creating a single European space for higher education. Its start was triggered by signing of the Bologna Declaration in 1999 in Bologna (Italy). Currently, the Bologna Process unites 45 countries. If you need a paper on this topic, going here coolessay.net will be a good idea.
Main Tasks of Bologna Process
The Bologna Declaration contains 10 main tasks:
- the introduction of common, comparable qualifications in the field of higher education;
- transition to a two-level system of higher education (bachelor’s – master’s degree);
- the introduction of laboriousness’s assessment (courses, programs, loads) in terms of credits and reflection of the curriculum in an annex to the diploma, a sample of b;
- increasing the mobility of students, teachers, administrative and management personnel (ideally, each student must spend at least a semester in another institution, preferably in a foreign one);
- ensuring the necessary quality of higher education;
- mutual recognition of qualifications and relevant documents in the field of higher education, ensuring an autonomy of universities;
- the introduction of postgraduate study in the general system of higher education (as a third level);
- attachment of “European dimension” to the higher education (its focus on European values) and increasing the attractiveness and competitiveness of European education;
- realization of the social role of higher education and its accessibility;
- development of the additional educational system(so-called “lifelong education”).
The process objectives, achievement of which was expected by 2010, were:
- Building a European zone of higher education as a key direction for the development of mobility of citizens with a possibility of busyness;
- Ensuring competitiveness of the European universities with other educational systems in a struggle for students, money, influence; achieving greater compatibility of national higher educational systems; improving education’s quality;
- Enhancing a central role of universities in the development of European cultural values, in which universities are considered as carriers of European consciousness.
Declaration contains 7 key regulations:
- Adoption of comparable degrees system, starting from the introduction of an application and ending with a diploma to provide employment opportunities for European citizens and enhance international competitiveness of the European higher educational system;
- Introduction of the two-cycle training: pre-degree and post-degree. The first cycle lasts no less than three years. The second cycle should lead to a master’s or doctorate degree;
- Introduction of the European credit system. It also ensures student’s choice of the studied subjects. The basis is proposed to adopt the ECTS (European Credit Transfer System), making it an accumulative system that can work within the framework of a“lifelong learning” concept;
- Substantial development of student’s mobility (based on the implementation of two previous items). Expansion of mobility of teachers and other personnel by time counting, which they spent working in the European region. Establishment of standards of the transnational education;
- Promotion of the European cooperation in quality assurance with the aim of developing comparable criteria and methodologies;
- Introduction of intra-university systems of education’s quality control and involvement of students and employers in external evaluation of universities;
- Advancement of the necessary European views in education, especially in curriculum progress, mobility schemes and joint training programs, practical training and research.
To sum up, we may note that Bologna process has a great impact on the education with the aim of creating a common European space for the higher education.